Gaziemir Undergorund City, which was opened on june 23,2007, has an entrance hall built with stone and it is 10 m in length. This hall is built with overlap technigue that we see another example in Hattusha, the capital city og Hittites. At the end of the hall there is an open area to reach the other parts of the underground city. The other parts of the structure is located around this area. This structure has kept being unavailable because this area was full of mud that was carried by floods.
Many remains found during cleaning works indicate that the underground city was used during Byzantine period. Two churches, a winery, and many wine barrels are encountered in the underground city.Along with these remains, food stores, barns, tandoor fireplaces, Turkish baths,and verios living areas can be seen. Many of the corridors that link different areas are wide enough for a camel to pass through. Camel bones and animal tying places carved in walls, suggest that here was used as a public house, during following periods.
Underground life in Cappadocia
One of the characteristics of Cappadocia is having plenty of underground cities. It’s known that there are more than a hundred of underground settlements in the region and many of them are not open for visits. The underground cities, which are guessed to be used since the Bronze Age, used to be a aettlement mostly in Byzantine period, doubtless. In this period, doubtless. In this period, increasing invasion forced local residents to build underground cities for protectiopn and religious purposes.